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different step size output for cv::Mat::step1

asked 2012-11-07 07:42:27 -0500

manmedia gravatar image

Hi,

I am trying to understand why row and column cv::Mat objects have different outputs for when step1() is invoked. For Example, if I declare matrices and do the following:

cv::Mat rowMatrix(cv::Mat::ones(1,4,CV_8UC1)); // 1x4 matrix
cv::Mat columnMatrix(cv::Mat::ones(4,1,CV_8UC1)); //4x1 matrix

// knowing beforehand that the matrices have continous data
rowMatrix.step1() // outputs 4
columnMatrix.step1() // outputs 1

I got this problem when I was iterating through elements of my row matrix and tried to do some manipulation operation. I got an exception which was not supposed to happen. But that is when I found the disparity between my expected and received value of rowMatrix.step1(). I wonder why it was like that. If I was to do this:

rowMatrix = cv::Mat(rowMatrix.t().col(0));
rowMatrix.step1();

It reveals 1 which is what I wanted originally. Could anyone explain how this is working? Because the manual seems to be saying something different here http://docs.opencv.org/2.4.3rc/modules/core/doc/basic_structures.html#mat-step1

I will try and find the source code and walk through it! But in case anyone has better understanding of it, please suggest an explanation.

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answered 2012-11-07 08:33:56 -0500

SR gravatar image

updated 2012-11-12 09:00:33 -0500

step1() returns (width of a single matrix row in bytes) / (element size in bytes).

Example:

cv::Mat m(7, 2, CV_UC1);
  m.elemSize():  1
  m.elemSize1(): 1
  m.step1():     2

cv::Mat m(7, 2, CV_UC3);
  m.elemSize():  3
  m.elemSize1(): 1
  m.step1():     6

cv::Mat m(7, 2, CV_32FC1);
  m.elemSize():  4
  m.elemSize1(): 4
  m.step1():     2

cv::Mat m(7, 2, CV_32FC3);
  m.elemSize():  12
  m.elemSize1(): 4
  m.step1():     6
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@SR I think it is more likely to be the number of columns rather than element size :). Because if your matrix has (444X1) Unsigned Integers. Surely it cannot be element size in bytes. It is the number of columns. Just found out! Thanks for your answers :)

manmedia gravatar imagemanmedia ( 2012-11-07 08:59:23 -0500 )edit

Nope, see my example.

SR gravatar imageSR ( 2012-11-08 07:56:06 -0500 )edit

@SR okay I got it now

manmedia gravatar imagemanmedia ( 2012-11-09 19:11:04 -0500 )edit

Then what is the difference between Mat::step and Mat::step1() ?

Ramkumar Natarajan gravatar imageRamkumar Natarajan ( 2016-05-31 17:20:43 -0500 )edit
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Asked: 2012-11-07 07:42:27 -0500

Seen: 5,323 times

Last updated: Nov 12 '12