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# How to convert dashed lines to solid?

I have a table with horizontal and vertical lines.Some lines are not solid because of poor image quality. This jeopardizes my approach to extract horizontal and vertical lines with line filter. Maybe I should convert dashed lines to solid lines first, then follow some procedures like erode and dilate, but I don't kown how, any advice?

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## 2 answers

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You're using roi screenshot. Unfortunately, I cannot go any further. Fortunately, if you have whole image, I will have to work around.

import cv2 as cv
import numpy as np

def contoursConvexHull(contours):
pts = []
for i in range(0, len(contours)):
for j in range(0, len(contours[i])):
pts.append(contours[i][j])

pts = np.array(pts)
result = cv.convexHull(pts)
return result

image = cv.imread('dash_line.png')
gray = cv.cvtColor(image, cv.COLOR_BGR2GRAY)
blurred = cv.GaussianBlur(gray, (3, 35), 0)
thresh = cv.threshold(blurred, 65, 65, cv.THRESH_BINARY)[0]
imageCanny = cv.Canny(blurred, 0, 100, 0)

contours, hierarchy = cv.findContours(imageCanny, cv.RETR_TREE,
cv.CHAIN_APPROX_NONE)

ConvexHullPoints = contoursConvexHull(contours)
cv.polylines(image, [ConvexHullPoints], True, (0, 0, 0), 4)
cv.imwrite('solid_line.png', image)
cv.imshow('Image', image)
cv.waitKey(0)


Output:

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You almost answered your question: dilating, then eroding is a suitable solution for fixing such continuity errors. If the rate of dilation, and erosion is same, the image information should remain, but incontinouitiy will be reduced.

Since you don't specyfy any platform, I assume c++. My example is super minimalistic, read the official tutorial for more details:

cv::Mat image_to_process;
//it will have a 3 pixel wide effect, since kernel is Mat(), see tutorial for more
cv::dilate(image_to_process, image_to_process, cv::Mat());
cv::erode(image_to_process, image_to_process, cv::Mat());
//done


Also simple median blur,or gaussian blur can help since the incontinuity can decsribed as high frequency noise, but it may suffer from other problems.

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## Comments

thank you for your help. Maybe i just simplified my question, because after dilating and eroding, dense text in table will be a chunk of pixels. Since I use a filter to detect lines, I detect "lines" in this chunk. By the way, what I really need is the position of each cell in table, for further work like OCR, and I am trying to use some build-in functions like findContour() to get position information.

( 2020-04-08 04:49:52 -0600 )edit

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Asked: 2020-04-01 20:55:42 -0600

Seen: 2,700 times

Last updated: Apr 04 '20