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Help: Face Recognition using LBP confused with unknown Faces

asked 2016-09-18 20:08:14 -0600

babajj gravatar image

Hello everyone, I try to use this face recognition code below which I found on one of the Opencv documentation, but I have a problem when a new person face who is not in the recognition database is compared, the program confused saying this face is Mr.X or Mr.y or Mr.z who are already in the database. It works fine if face of the person to be compared is already in the face recognition database.

Please people, your help will kindly be appreciated.

#include "opencv2/core/core.hpp"
#include "opencv2/contrib/contrib.hpp"
#include "opencv2/highgui/highgui.hpp"

#include <iostream>
#include <fstream>
#include <sstream>

using namespace cv;
using namespace std;

static void read_csv(const string& filename, vector<Mat>& images, vector<int>& labels, char separator = ';') {
    std::ifstream file(filename.c_str(), ifstream::in);
    if (!file) {
        string error_message = "No valid input file was given, please check the given filename.";
        CV_Error(CV_StsBadArg, error_message);
    string line, path, classlabel;
    while (getline(file, line)) {
        stringstream liness(line);
        getline(liness, path, separator);
        getline(liness, classlabel);
        if(!path.empty() && !classlabel.empty()) {
            images.push_back(imread(path, 0));

int main(int argc, const char *argv[]) {
    // Check for valid command line arguments, print usage
    // if no arguments were given.
    if (argc != 2) {
        cout << "usage: " << argv[0] << " <csv.ext>" << endl;
    // Get the path to your CSV.
    string fn_csv = string(argv[1]);
    // These vectors hold the images and corresponding labels.
    vector<Mat> images;
    vector<int> labels;
    // Read in the data. This can fail if no valid
    // input filename is given.
    try {
        read_csv(fn_csv, images, labels);
    } catch (cv::Exception& e) {
        cerr << "Error opening file \"" << fn_csv << "\". Reason: " << e.msg << endl;
        // nothing more we can do
    // Quit if there are not enough images for this demo.
    if(images.size() <= 1) {
        string error_message = "This demo needs at least 2 images to work. Please add more images to your data set!";
        CV_Error(CV_StsError, error_message);
    // Get the height from the first image. We'll need this
    // later in code to reshape the images to their original
    // size:
    int height = images[0].rows;
    // The following lines simply get the last images from
    // your dataset and remove it from the vector. This is
    // done, so that the training data (which we learn the
    // cv::FaceRecognizer on) and the test data we test
    // the model with, do not overlap.
    Mat testSample = images[images.size() - 1];
    int testLabel = labels[labels.size() - 1];
    // The following lines create an LBPH model for
    // face recognition and train it with the images and
    // labels read from the given CSV file.
    // The LBPHFaceRecognizer uses Extended Local Binary Patterns
    // (it's probably configurable with other operators at a later
    // point), and has the following default values
    //      radius = 1
    //      neighbors = 8
    //      grid_x = 8
    //      grid_y = 8
    // So if you want a LBPH FaceRecognizer using a radius of
    // 2 and 16 neighbors, call the factory method with:
    //      cv::createLBPHFaceRecognizer(2, 16);
    // And if you want a threshold (e.g. 123.0) call it with its default values ...
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answered 2017-02-24 04:44:01 -0600

updated 2017-02-24 04:47:35 -0600

As already mentioned in the code you can use model->predict(testSample, predictedLabel, confidence); to get the predictedLabel and confidence, the confidence variable will give you the estimate of how accurate the prediction is. the lesser the value to more accurate the prediction is.

So you can use it like this way

    // put the predictedLebel as a detected face
    // put the Unknown as a detected face

Now you can play with this value 50 to work best for you.

Here is a series of articles in python if you are interested for face recognition for known and unknown faces

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Asked: 2016-09-18 20:08:14 -0600

Seen: 2,126 times

Last updated: Feb 24 '17