# Revision history [back]

### Separate the leafs into single leaf  There are 5 leafs stick together after segmentation(I do it by watershed), how could I separate the whole leaf into 5 independent leaf(blob)?

I am a newbie of computer vision, there are tons of algorithms I haven't learned yet.Now I am studying how to use surf and sift to recognize the object, is it possible to use sift to segment in into 5 independent leafs(do not glue them together)?

### Separate the leafs into single leaf  There are 5 leafs stick together after segmentation(I do it by watershed), how could I separate the whole leaf into 5 independent leaf(blob)?

I am a newbie of computer vision, there are tons of algorithms I haven't learned yet.Now I am studying how to use surf and sift to recognize the object, is it possible to use sift to segment in into 5 independent leafs(do not glue them together)?

Any algorithms are possible to solve this problem?

### Separate the leafs into single leafDetect multiple similar in a bunch of still images  There are 5 leafs stick together after segmentation(I do it by watershed), how could I separate the whole leaf into 5 independent leaf(blob)?

I am a newbie of computer vision, there are tons of algorithms I haven't learned yet.Now I am studying how to use surf and sift to recognize the object, is it possible to use sift to segment in into 5 independent leafs(do not glue them together)?

Any algorithms are possible to solve this problem?

Edit : According to the suggestion of GilLevi, i use houghLinesP to draw the lines on the image after segmentation.

//remove contours size which smaller than cmin or bigger than cmax
void remove_contours(std::vector<std::vector<cv::Point> > &contours, double cmin, double cmax)
{
auto it = std::partition(std::begin(contours), std::end(contours), [=](std::vector<cv::Point> const &data)
{
auto const size = cv::contourArea(data);
return !(size < cmin || size > cmax);
});
contours.erase(it, std::end(contours));
}

void cut_to_single_leaf(cv::Mat const &input, std::string const &num)
{
cv::Mat fore_ground_edge;
cv::cvtColor(input, fore_ground_edge, CV_BGR2GRAY);
cv::Canny(fore_ground_edge, fore_ground_edge, 100, 350);

cv::Mat result = input.clone();
std::vector<cv::Vec4i> lines;
cv::HoughLinesP(fore_ground_edge, lines, 1, CV_PI/180, 80, 0, 40);
for( auto const &line : lines){
cv::line(result, cv::Point(line, line),
cv::Point(line, line), cv::Scalar(0,0,0), 2, 8);
}

cv::Mat binary_result;
cv::cvtColor(result, binary_result, CV_BGR2GRAY);
ContoursType contours;
cv::findContours(binary_result, contours, CV_RETR_EXTERNAL, CV_CHAIN_APPROX_NONE);
gray_result.setTo(0);
OCV::remove_contours(contours, 500, 50000);
std::cout<<contours.size()<<std::endl;
cv::drawContours(binary_result, contours, -1, cv::Scalar(255), 2);

cv::waitKey();
}


The results  The results are far from perfect The leftmost leaf are separated to two leafs The center leaf are glue as one leaf

Question 1 : Any good idea to find out which contours should merge together? ex : leftmost contours should apply dilation since it is splited to two leafts

Question 2 : How could I open the leaf of center? try erosion and open, but the results are not good, hard to predict

Question 3 : Any other algorithms are good to detect multiple similar objects in a still image? just study SIFT and SURF, they could not detect multiple objects in a still image. I can not separate the image into different ROI and apply SIFT or SURF, because the orientation of the leafs are different in the images. Question 2 :

### Detect multiple similar in a bunch of still images  There are 5 leafs stick together after segmentation(I do it by watershed), how could I separate the whole leaf into 5 independent leaf(blob)?

I am a newbie of computer vision, there are tons of algorithms I haven't learned yet.Now I am studying how to use surf and sift to recognize the object, is it possible to use sift to segment in into 5 independent leafs(do not glue them together)?

Any algorithms are possible to solve this problem?

Edit : According to the suggestion of GilLevi, GilLevi(thanks), i use houghLinesP to draw the lines on the image after segmentation.

//remove contours size which smaller than cmin or bigger than cmax
void remove_contours(std::vector<std::vector<cv::Point> > &contours, double cmin, double cmax)
{
auto it = std::partition(std::begin(contours), std::end(contours), [=](std::vector<cv::Point> const &data)
{
auto const size = cv::contourArea(data);
return !(size < cmin || size > cmax);
});
contours.erase(it, std::end(contours));
}

void cut_to_single_leaf(cv::Mat const &input, std::string const &num)
{
cv::Mat fore_ground_edge;
cv::cvtColor(input, fore_ground_edge, CV_BGR2GRAY);
cv::Canny(fore_ground_edge, fore_ground_edge, 100, 350);

cv::Mat result = input.clone();
std::vector<cv::Vec4i> lines;
cv::HoughLinesP(fore_ground_edge, lines, 1, CV_PI/180, 80, 0, 40);
for( auto const &line : lines){
cv::line(result, cv::Point(line, line),
cv::Point(line, line), cv::Scalar(0,0,0), 2, 8);
}

cv::Mat binary_result;
cv::cvtColor(result, binary_result, CV_BGR2GRAY);
ContoursType contours;
cv::findContours(binary_result, contours, CV_RETR_EXTERNAL, CV_CHAIN_APPROX_NONE);
gray_result.setTo(0);
OCV::remove_contours(contours, 500, 50000);
std::cout<<contours.size()<<std::endl;
cv::drawContours(binary_result, contours, -1, cv::Scalar(255), 2);

cv::waitKey();
}


The results  The results are far from perfect The leftmost leaf are separated to two leafs The center leaf are glue as one leaf

Question 1 : Any good idea to find out which contours should merge together? ex : leftmost contours should apply dilation since it is splited to two leafts

Question 2 : How could I open the leaf of center? try erosion and open, but the results are not good, hard to predict

Question 3 : Any other algorithms are good to detect multiple similar objects in a still image? just study SIFT and SURF, they could not detect multiple objects in a still image. I can not separate the image into different ROI and apply SIFT or SURF, because the orientation of the leafs are different in the images. Question 2 :

### Detect multiple similar objects in a bunch of still images  There are 5 leafs stick together after segmentation(I do it by watershed), how could I separate the whole leaf into 5 independent leaf(blob)?

I am a newbie of computer vision, there are tons of algorithms I haven't learned yet.Now I am studying how to use surf and sift to recognize the object, is it possible to use sift to segment in into 5 independent leafs(do not glue them together)?

Any algorithms are possible to solve this problem?

Edit : According to the suggestion of GilLevi(thanks), i use houghLinesP to draw the lines on the image after segmentation.

//remove contours size which smaller than cmin or bigger than cmax
void remove_contours(std::vector<std::vector<cv::Point> > &contours, double cmin, double cmax)
{
auto it = std::partition(std::begin(contours), std::end(contours), [=](std::vector<cv::Point> const &data)
{
auto const size = cv::contourArea(data);
return !(size < cmin || size > cmax);
});
contours.erase(it, std::end(contours));
}

void cut_to_single_leaf(cv::Mat const &input, std::string const &num)
{
cv::Mat fore_ground_edge;
cv::cvtColor(input, fore_ground_edge, CV_BGR2GRAY);
cv::Canny(fore_ground_edge, fore_ground_edge, 100, 350);

cv::Mat result = input.clone();
std::vector<cv::Vec4i> lines;
cv::HoughLinesP(fore_ground_edge, lines, 1, CV_PI/180, 80, 0, 40);
for( auto const &line : lines){
cv::line(result, cv::Point(line, line),
cv::Point(line, line), cv::Scalar(0,0,0), 2, 8);
}

cv::Mat binary_result;
cv::cvtColor(result, binary_result, CV_BGR2GRAY);
ContoursType contours;
cv::findContours(binary_result, contours, CV_RETR_EXTERNAL, CV_CHAIN_APPROX_NONE);
gray_result.setTo(0);
OCV::remove_contours(contours, 500, 50000);
std::cout<<contours.size()<<std::endl;
cv::drawContours(binary_result, contours, -1, cv::Scalar(255), 2);

cv::waitKey();
}


The results  The results are far from perfect The leftmost leaf are separated to two leafs The center leaf are glue as one leaf

Question 1 : Any good idea to find out which contours should merge together? ex : leftmost contours should apply dilation since it is splited to two leafts

Question 2 : How could I open the leaf of center? try erosion and open, but the results are not good, hard to predict

Question 3 : Any other algorithms are good to detect multiple similar objects in a still image? just study SIFT and SURF, they could not detect multiple objects in a still image. I can not separate the image into different ROI and apply SIFT or SURF, because the orientation of the leafs are different in the images. Question 2 :

### Detect multiple similar objects in a bunch of still images  There are 5 leafs stick together after segmentation(I do it by watershed), how could I separate the whole leaf into 5 independent leaf(blob)?

I am a newbie of computer vision, there are tons of algorithms I haven't learned yet.Now I am studying how to use surf and sift to recognize the object, is it possible to use sift to segment in into 5 independent leafs(do not glue them together)?

yet. Any algorithms are possible to solve this problem?

Edit : According to the suggestion of GilLevi(thanks), i use houghLinesP to draw the lines on the image after segmentation.

//remove contours size which smaller than cmin or bigger than cmax
void remove_contours(std::vector<std::vector<cv::Point> > &contours, double cmin, double cmax)
{
auto it = std::partition(std::begin(contours), std::end(contours), [=](std::vector<cv::Point> const &data)
{
auto const size = cv::contourArea(data);
return !(size < cmin || size > cmax);
});
contours.erase(it, std::end(contours));
}

void cut_to_single_leaf(cv::Mat const &input, std::string const &num)
{
cv::Mat fore_ground_edge;
cv::cvtColor(input, fore_ground_edge, CV_BGR2GRAY);
cv::Canny(fore_ground_edge, fore_ground_edge, 100, 350);

cv::Mat result = input.clone();
std::vector<cv::Vec4i> lines;
cv::HoughLinesP(fore_ground_edge, lines, 1, CV_PI/180, 80, 0, 40);
for( auto const &line : lines){
cv::line(result, cv::Point(line, line),
cv::Point(line, line), cv::Scalar(0,0,0), 2, 8);
}

cv::Mat binary_result;
cv::cvtColor(result, binary_result, CV_BGR2GRAY);
ContoursType contours;
cv::findContours(binary_result, contours, CV_RETR_EXTERNAL, CV_CHAIN_APPROX_NONE);
gray_result.setTo(0);
OCV::remove_contours(contours, 500, 50000);
std::cout<<contours.size()<<std::endl;
cv::drawContours(binary_result, contours, -1, cv::Scalar(255), 2);

cv::waitKey();
}


The results  The results are far from perfect The leftmost leaf are separated to two leafs The center leaf are glue as one leaf

Question 1 : Any good idea to find out which contours should merge together? ex : leftmost contours should apply dilation since it is splited to two leafts

Question 2 : How could I open the leaf of center? try erosion and open, but the results are not good, hard to predict

Question 3 : Any other algorithms are good to detect multiple similar objects in a still image? just study SIFT and SURF, they could not detect multiple objects in a still image. I can not separate the image into different ROI and apply SIFT or SURF, because the orientation of the leafs are different in the images. Question 2 :images.

### Detect multiple similar objects in a bunch of still images  There are 5 leafs stick together after segmentation(I do it by watershed), how could I separate the whole leaf into 5 independent leaf(blob)?

I am a newbie of computer vision, there are tons of algorithms I haven't learned yet. Any algorithms are possible to solve this problem?

Edit : According to the suggestion of GilLevi(thanks), i use houghLinesP to draw the lines on the image after segmentation.

//remove contours size which smaller than cmin or bigger than cmax
void remove_contours(std::vector<std::vector<cv::Point> > &contours, double cmin, double cmax)
{
auto it = std::partition(std::begin(contours), std::end(contours), [=](std::vector<cv::Point> const &data)
{
auto const size = cv::contourArea(data);
return !(size < cmin || size > cmax);
});
contours.erase(it, std::end(contours));
}

void cut_to_single_leaf(cv::Mat const &input, std::string const &num)
&input)
{
cv::Mat fore_ground_edge;
cv::cvtColor(input, fore_ground_edge, CV_BGR2GRAY);
cv::Canny(fore_ground_edge, fore_ground_edge, 100, 350);

cv::Mat result = input.clone();
std::vector<cv::Vec4i> lines;
cv::HoughLinesP(fore_ground_edge, lines, 1, CV_PI/180, 80, 0, 40);
for( auto const &line : lines){
cv::line(result, cv::Point(line, line),
cv::Point(line, line), cv::Scalar(0,0,0), 2, 8);
}

cv::Mat binary_result;
cv::cvtColor(result, binary_result, CV_BGR2GRAY);
ContoursType contours;
cv::findContours(binary_result, contours, CV_RETR_EXTERNAL, CV_CHAIN_APPROX_NONE);
gray_result.setTo(0);
OCV::remove_contours(contours, 500, 50000);
std::cout<<contours.size()<<std::endl;
cv::drawContours(binary_result, contours, -1, cv::Scalar(255), 2);

cv::waitKey();
}


The results  The results are far from perfect perfect. The leftmost leaf are separated to two leafs leafs. The center leaf are glue as one leafleaf.

Question 1 : Any good idea to find out which contours should merge together? ex : leftmost contours should apply dilation since it is splited to two leafts

Question 2 : How could I open the leaf of center? try erosion and open, but the results are not good, hard to predict

Question 3 : Any other algorithms are good to detect multiple similar objects in a still image? just study SIFT and SURF, they could not detect multiple objects in a still image. I can not separate the image into different ROI and apply SIFT or SURF, because the orientation of the leafs are different in the images.

### Detect multiple similar objects in a bunch of still images  There are 5 leafs stick together after segmentation(I do it by watershed), how could I separate the whole leaf into 5 independent leaf(blob)?leaf(blob)?The ultimate purpose is collect the BGR value of each leaf(leaf1, leaf2, leaf3, leaf4 and so on).

I am a newbie of computer vision, there are tons of algorithms I haven't learned yet. Any algorithms are possible to solve this problem?

Edit : According to the suggestion of GilLevi(thanks), i use houghLinesP to draw the lines on the image after segmentation.

//remove contours size which smaller than cmin or bigger than cmax
void remove_contours(std::vector<std::vector<cv::Point> > &contours, double cmin, double cmax)
{
auto it = std::partition(std::begin(contours), std::end(contours), [=](std::vector<cv::Point> const &data)
{
auto const size = cv::contourArea(data);
return !(size < cmin || size > cmax);
});
contours.erase(it, std::end(contours));
}

void cut_to_single_leaf(cv::Mat const &input)
{
cv::Mat fore_ground_edge;
cv::cvtColor(input, fore_ground_edge, CV_BGR2GRAY);
cv::Canny(fore_ground_edge, fore_ground_edge, 100, 350);

cv::Mat result = input.clone();
std::vector<cv::Vec4i> lines;
cv::HoughLinesP(fore_ground_edge, lines, 1, CV_PI/180, 80, 0, 40);
for( auto const &line : lines){
cv::line(result, cv::Point(line, line),
cv::Point(line, line), cv::Scalar(0,0,0), 2, 8);
}

cv::Mat binary_result;
cv::cvtColor(result, binary_result, CV_BGR2GRAY);
ContoursType contours;
cv::findContours(binary_result, contours, CV_RETR_EXTERNAL, CV_CHAIN_APPROX_NONE);
gray_result.setTo(0);
OCV::remove_contours(contours, 500, 50000);
std::cout<<contours.size()<<std::endl;
cv::drawContours(binary_result, contours, -1, cv::Scalar(255), 2);

cv::waitKey();
}


The results  The results are far from perfect. The leftmost leaf are separated to two leafs. The center leaf are glue as one leaf.

Question 1 : Any good idea to find out which contours should merge together? ex : leftmost contours should apply dilation since it is splited to two leafts

Question 2 : How could I open the leaf of center? try erosion and open, but the results are not good, hard to predict

Question 3 : Any other algorithms are good to detect multiple similar objects in a still image? just study SIFT and SURF, they could not detect multiple objects in a still image. I can not separate the image into different ROI and apply SIFT or SURF, because the orientation of the leafs are different in the images.

### Detect multiple similar objects in a bunch of still images  There are 5 leafs stick together after segmentation(I do it by watershed), how   How could I separate the whole leaf into 5 independent leaf(blob)?The ultimate purpose is collect the BGR value of each leaf(leaf1, leaf2, leaf3, leaf4 and so on).

I am a newbie of computer vision, there are tons of algorithms I haven't learned yet. Any algorithms are possible to solve this problem?

Edit : According to the suggestion of GilLevi(thanks), i use houghLinesP to draw the lines on the image after segmentation.

//remove contours size which smaller than cmin or bigger than cmax
void remove_contours(std::vector<std::vector<cv::Point> > &contours, double cmin, double cmax)
{
auto it = std::partition(std::begin(contours), std::end(contours), [=](std::vector<cv::Point> const &data)
{
auto const size = cv::contourArea(data);
return !(size < cmin || size > cmax);
});
contours.erase(it, std::end(contours));
}

void cut_to_single_leaf(cv::Mat const &input)
{
cv::Mat fore_ground_edge;
cv::cvtColor(input, fore_ground_edge, CV_BGR2GRAY);
cv::Canny(fore_ground_edge, fore_ground_edge, 100, 350);

cv::Mat result = input.clone();
std::vector<cv::Vec4i> lines;
cv::HoughLinesP(fore_ground_edge, lines, 1, CV_PI/180, 80, 0, 40);
for( auto const &line : lines){
cv::line(result, cv::Point(line, line),
cv::Point(line, line), cv::Scalar(0,0,0), 2, 8);
}

cv::Mat binary_result;
cv::cvtColor(result, binary_result, CV_BGR2GRAY);
ContoursType contours;
cv::findContours(binary_result, contours, CV_RETR_EXTERNAL, CV_CHAIN_APPROX_NONE);
gray_result.setTo(0);
OCV::remove_contours(contours, 500, 50000);
std::cout<<contours.size()<<std::endl;
cv::drawContours(binary_result, contours, -1, cv::Scalar(255), 2);

cv::waitKey();
}


The resultsresults(use first image as an example)  The results are far from perfect. The leftmost leaf are separated to two leafs. The center leaf are glue as one leaf.

Question 1 : Any good idea to find out which contours should merge together? ex : leftmost contours should apply dilation since it is splited to two leafts

Question 2 : How could I open the leaf of center? try erosion and open, but the results are not good, hard to predict

Question 3 : Any other algorithms are good to detect multiple similar objects in a still image? just study SIFT and SURF, they could not detect multiple objects in a still image. I can not separate the image into different ROI and apply SIFT or SURF, because the orientation of the leafs are different in the images. 10 retagged sturkmen 6772 ●3 ●48 ●79 https://github.com/stu...

### Detect multiple similar objects in a bunch of still images   How could I separate the whole leaf into 5 independent leaf(blob)?The ultimate purpose is collect the BGR value of each leaf(leaf1, leaf2, leaf3, leaf4 and so on).

I am a newbie of computer vision, there are tons of algorithms I haven't learned yet. Any algorithms are possible to solve this problem?

Edit : According to the suggestion of GilLevi(thanks), i use houghLinesP to draw the lines on the image after segmentation.

//remove contours size which smaller than cmin or bigger than cmax
void remove_contours(std::vector<std::vector<cv::Point> > &contours, double cmin, double cmax)
{
auto it = std::partition(std::begin(contours), std::end(contours), [=](std::vector<cv::Point> const &data)
{
auto const size = cv::contourArea(data);
return !(size < cmin || size > cmax);
});
contours.erase(it, std::end(contours));
}

void cut_to_single_leaf(cv::Mat const &input)
{
cv::Mat fore_ground_edge;
cv::cvtColor(input, fore_ground_edge, CV_BGR2GRAY);
cv::Canny(fore_ground_edge, fore_ground_edge, 100, 350);

cv::Mat result = input.clone();
std::vector<cv::Vec4i> lines;
cv::HoughLinesP(fore_ground_edge, lines, 1, CV_PI/180, 80, 0, 40);
for( auto const &line : lines){
cv::line(result, cv::Point(line, line),
cv::Point(line, line), cv::Scalar(0,0,0), 2, 8);
}

cv::Mat binary_result;
cv::cvtColor(result, binary_result, CV_BGR2GRAY);
ContoursType contours;
cv::findContours(binary_result, contours, CV_RETR_EXTERNAL, CV_CHAIN_APPROX_NONE);
gray_result.setTo(0);
OCV::remove_contours(contours, 500, 50000);
std::cout<<contours.size()<<std::endl;
cv::drawContours(binary_result, contours, -1, cv::Scalar(255), 2);

cv::waitKey();
}


The results(use first image as an example)  The results are far from perfect. The leftmost leaf are separated to two leafs. The center leaf are glue as one leaf.

Question 1 : Any good idea to find out which contours should merge together? ex : leftmost contours should apply dilation since it is splited to two leafts

Question 2 : How could I open the leaf of center? try erosion and open, but the results are not good, hard to predict

Question 3 : Any other algorithms are good to detect multiple similar objects in a still image? just study SIFT and SURF, they could not detect multiple objects in a still image. I can not separate the image into different ROI and apply SIFT or SURF, because the orientation of the leafs are different in the images.