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Overhead camera's pose estimation with OpenCV SolvePnP results in a few centimeter off height

I'd like to get the pose (translation: x, y, z and rotation: Rx, Ry, Rz in World coordinate system) of the overhead camera. I got many object points and image points by moving the ChArUco calibration board with a robotic arm (like this https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8q99dUPYCPs). Because of that, I already have exact positions of all the object points.

In order to feed many points to solvePnP, I set the first detected pattern (ChArUco board) as the first object and used it as the object coordinate system's origin. Then, I added the detected object points (from the second pattern to the last) to the first detected object points' coordinate system (the origin of the object frame is the origin of the first object).

After I got the transformation between the camera and the object's coordinate frame, I calculated the camera's pose based on that transformation.

The result looked pretty good at first, but when I measured the camera's absolute pose by using a ruler or a tape measure, I noticed that the extrinsic calibration result was around 15-20 millimeter off for z direction (the height of the camera), though almost correct for the others (x, y, Rx, Ry, Rz). The result was same even I changed the range of the object points by moving a robotic arm differently, it always ended up to have a few centimeters off for the height.

Has anyone experienced the similar problem before? I'd like to know anything I can try.

Overhead camera's pose estimation with OpenCV SolvePnP results in a few centimeter off height

I'd like to get the pose (translation: x, y, z and rotation: Rx, Ry, Rz in World coordinate system) of the overhead camera. I got many object points and image points by moving the ChArUco calibration board with a robotic arm (like this https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8q99dUPYCPs). Because of that, I already have exact positions of all the object points.

In order to feed many points to solvePnP, I set the first detected pattern (ChArUco board) as the first object and used it as the object coordinate system's origin. Then, I added the detected object points (from the second pattern to the last) to the first detected object points' coordinate system (the origin of the object frame is the origin of the first object).

After I got the transformation between the camera and the object's coordinate frame, I calculated the camera's pose based on that transformation.

The result looked pretty good at first, but when I measured the camera's absolute pose by using a ruler or a tape measure, I noticed that the extrinsic calibration result was around 15-20 millimeter off for z direction (the height of the camera), though almost correct for the others (x, y, Rx, Ry, Rz). The result was same even I changed the range of the object points by moving a robotic arm differently, it always ended up to have a few centimeters off for the height.

Has anyone experienced the similar problem before? I'd like to know anything I can try. What is the common mistake when the depth direction (z) is inaccurate?