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How to calculate HuMoments for a contour/image in opencv using c++

asked 2013-03-10 13:49:10 -0500

Heshan Sandeepa gravatar image

updated 2016-01-08 01:41:48 -0500

hi,

i tried out the following tutorial.I used opencv 2.4.2 with visual studio 2010 and c++.(http://docs.opencv.org/doc/tutorials/imgproc/shapedescriptors/moments/moments.html)

there i can calculate moments for each and every contour of the image, like this

vector<Moments> mu(contours.size() );
for( int i = 0; i < contours.size(); i++ )
{
   mu[i] = moments( contours[i], false );
}

then i tried to calculate Hu-Moments in the same way. i tried with various combinations, but didn't got it work. My problems are,

  1. is it possible to calculate Hu-Moments only for a one contour ?
  2. should i calculate Hu-Moments for the whole image?

please can anyone explain this with some examples?

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answered 2013-03-10 14:31:03 -0500

Guanta gravatar image

For Hu-Moments you need to compute the moments first. Moments you can compute of contours as in your example (i.e. a vector of points) or of images (or part of images) (cv::Mat of type CV_8UC1 oder CV_32FC1), see http://docs.opencv.org/modules/imgproc/doc/structural_analysis_and_shape_descriptors.html?highlight=moment#cv2.HuMoments

Example:

// From the example you posted, you already know how to compute the contours
// so let's take just the first one and compute the moments
cv::Moments mom = cv::moments(contours[0]); 
double hu[7];
cv::HuMoments(mom, hu); // now in hu are your 7 Hu-Moments

For your second question: For what do you want to use the moments? Moments give you certain statistics about your image, like the sum of gray-values or center of gravity. Hu-Moments are also rotational invariant. So, they may be nice features depending on your application.

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hi guanta ,

it worked thanks a lot. i involved with OCR application and trying to use these statistics as features, thats it. anyway thanks

Heshan Sandeepa gravatar imageHeshan Sandeepa ( 2013-03-13 07:47:10 -0500 )edit

Cool! Maybe you want to accept/mark the answer as solved.

Guanta gravatar imageGuanta ( 2013-03-13 08:50:48 -0500 )edit

hi guanta yes, it helped me lot. i want to accept this as anwser. how to do that

Heshan Sandeepa gravatar imageHeshan Sandeepa ( 2013-03-18 05:57:38 -0500 )edit

ahh fine, i found the way, thanks a lot

Heshan Sandeepa gravatar imageHeshan Sandeepa ( 2013-03-18 06:03:40 -0500 )edit
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Asked: 2013-03-10 13:49:10 -0500

Seen: 10,796 times

Last updated: Mar 10 '13