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i want a code for histogram equalization

asked 2013-02-15 09:52:39 -0500

dinesh gravatar image

i am doing project using opencv on android platform using eclipse.Can anyone provide me a code for histogram equalisation using java language.

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Basically your complete post pushes me towards closure, if people wouldn't bother placing any remarks. This is a Question & Answer forum which means that you try something, you get stuck and you ask people for help and solutions. This is not a Please provide me the code forum. Next time posts like these will be deleted. In respect to people answering, I will leave it open...

StevenPuttemans gravatar imageStevenPuttemans ( 2013-04-08 08:56:57 -0500 )edit

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answered 2013-02-15 11:59:04 -0500

berak gravatar image

well, in c++, there is cv::equalizeHist()

http://opencv.willowgarage.com/documentation/cpp/histograms.html#cv-equalizehist

found this, too: https://groups.google.com/forum/?fromgroups#!topic/android-opencv/f5PGo8MuySo

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answered 2013-04-08 08:02:12 -0500

here is code of Histogram Equalization in java...

package he;

import java.awt.Color; import java.awt.image.BufferedImage; import java.io.File; import java.io.IOException; import java.util.ArrayList; import javax.imageio.ImageIO;

public class HistogramEqualization {

private final int greyRange = 256;

public HistogramEqualization(String fileName) throws IOException {

    File file;
    BufferedImage image;
    float histogram[][];
    histogram = new float[3][];

    histogram[0] = new float[greyRange];
    histogram[1] = new float[greyRange];
    histogram[2] = new float[greyRange];

    file = new File(fileName);
    image = ImageIO.read(file);

    //================== Histogram Generation ==============================
    histogram[0] = getHistogramByColor(image, 1);
    histogram[1] = getHistogramByColor(image, 2);
    histogram[2] = getHistogramByColor(image, 3);
    //======================================================================

    //===================== Normalizing Whole Image ========================
    normalizedFunction(histogram[0], 0, histogram[0].length - 1);
    normalizedFunction(histogram[1], 0, histogram[0].length - 1);
    normalizedFunction(histogram[2], 0, histogram[0].length - 1);
    //======================================================================

    //===================== Histogram EQUALIZATION =========================
    histogramEqualization(histogram[0], 0, (int) 255);
    histogramEqualization(histogram[1], 0, (int) 255);
    histogramEqualization(histogram[2], 0, (int) 255);
    //======================================================================

    ArrayList<int[]> imageLUT = new ArrayList<int[]>();
    int[] rhistogram = new int[256];
    int[] ghistogram = new int[256];
    int[] bhistogram = new int[256];

    for (int i = 0; i < rhistogram.length; i++) {
        rhistogram[i] = (int) histogram[0][i];
        ghistogram[i] = (int) histogram[1][i];
        bhistogram[i] = (int) histogram[2][i];
    }

    imageLUT.add(rhistogram);
    imageLUT.add(ghistogram);
    imageLUT.add(bhistogram);

    BufferedImage originalImage = getOriginalImage(ImageIO.read(file), imageLUT);
    String fileN = fileName(file);
    writeImage(file.getParent(), fileN, originalImage);
}

public void histogramEqualization(float histogram[], int low, int high) {

    float sumr, sumrx;
    sumr = sumrx = 0;
    for (int i = low; i <= high; i++) {
        sumr += (histogram[i]);
        sumrx = low + (high - low) * sumr;
        int valr = (int) (sumrx);
        if (valr > 255) {
            histogram[i] = 255;
        } else {
            histogram[i] = valr;
        }
    }
}

public BufferedImage getOriginalImage(BufferedImage original, ArrayList<int[]> histLUT) {

    int red;
    int green;
    int blue;
    int alpha;
    int newPixel = 0;

    // Get the Lookup table for histogram equalization        

    BufferedImage histogramEQ = new BufferedImage(original.getWidth(), original.getHeight(), original.getType());

    for (int i = 0; i < original.getWidth(); i++) {
        for (int j = 0; j < original.getHeight(); j++) {

            // Get pixels by R, G, B
            alpha = new Color(original.getRGB(i, j)).getAlpha();
            red = new Color(original.getRGB(i, j)).getRed();
            green = new Color(original.getRGB(i, j)).getGreen();
            blue = new Color(original.getRGB(i, j)).getBlue();

            // Set new pixel values using the histogram lookup table
            red = histLUT.get(0)[red];
            green = histLUT.get(1)[green];
            blue = histLUT.get(2)[blue];

            // Return back to original format
            newPixel = colorToRGB(alpha, red, green, blue);

            // Write pixels into image
            histogramEQ.setRGB(i, j, newPixel);
        }
    }
    return histogramEQ;
}

// Convert R, G, B, Alpha to standard 8 bit
public int colorToRGB(int alpha, int red, int green, int blue) {

    int newPixel = 0;
    newPixel += alpha;
    newPixel = newPixel << 8;
    newPixel += red;
    newPixel = newPixel << 8;
    newPixel += green;
    newPixel = newPixel << 8;
    newPixel += blue;
    return newPixel;

}

public void writeImage(String output, String fileName, BufferedImage img) throws IOException {
    File file = new File(output + "\\" + fileName + "HE.bmp");
    ImageIO.write(img, "bmp", file);
}

public String fileName(File file) throws IOException {
    String fileName = file.getName().substring(0, file.getName().length() - 4);
    return fileName;
}

public void normalizedFunction(float myArr[], int low, int high) {

    float sumV = 0.0f;
    for (int i = low ...
(more)
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Dear Mayank and friends,

I am very interesting about your source code . In this source code, I don't understand 2 lines in histogramEqualization method as follow:

    *sumr += (histogram[i]);
    sumrx = low + (high - low) * sumr;*

Can you explain for me about it.

Thanks,

vietcusc gravatar imagevietcusc ( 2016-07-20 01:12:37 -0500 )edit

How to do using opencv?

arqam gravatar imagearqam ( 2017-06-29 19:42:38 -0500 )edit
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Asked: 2013-02-15 09:52:39 -0500

Seen: 6,251 times

Last updated: Apr 08 '13