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getAffineTransform, getPerspectiveTransform or findHomography?

asked 2012-11-25 11:46:20 -0500

flohei gravatar image

Following scenario: I've taken an photo for further analysis. The photo contains a sheet of paper. First of all I'm trying to detect the corners of the image. Once I've got them I want to stretch/transform the image so that its corners fit a new Mat's corners. (Like as if I had scanned the image.)

Reading the documentation on the above mentioned functions I'm not quite sure what's right for my needs. getAffineTransform seems to only take three point pairs (which works quite well, but leaves the lower right corner untouched).

getPerspectiveTransform should use four point pairs and findHomography even more, right? So I guess that one of those would be the one I should go for. For now I did not manage to get it working, though. I'm using vector<Point2f> sourcePoints, destinationPoints;, fill them with the found corners and my calculated new points (which are basically [width, 0], [0, 0], [0, height] and [width, height] of the new Mat). After creating the two vectors I would create the transformation matrix using either getPerspectiveTransform or findHomography to finally pass it over to warpPerspective. The last step is the one that crashes my application with

OpenCV Error: Assertion failed (dims == 2 && (size[0] == 1 || size[1] == 1 || size[0]*size[1] == 0)) in create, file /Users/Aziz/Documents/Projects/opencv_sources/trunk/modules/core/src/matrix.cpp, line 1310 libc++abi.dylib: terminate called throwing an exception.

Since I'm not sure if it even is the right approach I'm trying, I would love to hear your opinion on this before I try to fix the error.

Thanks a lot!
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answered 2012-11-26 05:32:25 -0500

Michael Burdinov gravatar image

Transformation that was applied to objects in photo is combination of perspective transform with some deformation that come from lens. So affine transform (also called weak perspective transform) is not enough. On other hand if you are using only 4 points, you can't compute anything that is more complicate that perspective transform (there just not enough information). So you should use perspective transform for your task, and hope that other deformations are not very significant.

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Thanks for pointing that out. I got it working using getPerspectiveTransform and warpPerspective. That works just great.

flohei gravatar imageflohei ( 2012-11-26 06:05:05 -0500 )edit

You are welcome.

Michael Burdinov gravatar imageMichael Burdinov ( 2012-11-26 07:47:43 -0500 )edit
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Asked: 2012-11-25 11:46:20 -0500

Seen: 3,432 times

Last updated: Nov 26 '12