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cvCaptureFromCAM() returns 0.

asked 2013-11-25 09:01:26 -0500

cedric100 gravatar image

updated 2013-11-25 09:10:15 -0500

berak gravatar image

Hi, I have copied the following link program.

It is supposed to at least display on a window what the webcam sees. Unfortunately, it does not,the webcam does not even work and the message "Error: capture is NULL" on the console. as it is supposed to do in the program when cvCaptureFromCAM returns 0 Bellow is the full program.

// Tracker_1.cpp

include<opencv cvaux.h="">

include<opencv highgui.h="">

include<opencv cxcore.h="">



/////////////////////////////: int main(int argc, char* argv[]) { CvSize size640x480 = cvSize(640, 480); // use a 640 x 480 size for all windows =, also make sure your webcam is set to 640x480 !!

CvCapture* p_capWebcam;  // we will assign our web cam videostream to this later . . .

IplImage* p_imgOriginal;  // pointer to an image structure, this will be the input image from webcam.
IplImage* p_imgProcessed; // pointer to an image structure, this will be the processed image.
                          /* IPL is short for Intel Image Processing Librart, this is the structure used in OpenCV.1.x to work with images */

CvMemStorage* p_strStorage;  // Necessary storage variable to pass into cvHoughCircles()

CvSeq* p_seqCircles;         // Pointer to an OpenCV sequence, will be returned by cvHoughCircles() and will contain all circles.
                             // Call cvGetSeqElem(p_seqCircles, i) will return a 3 element array of the ith circle (see next variable).

float* p_fltXYRadius;        // Pointer to a 3 element array floats.
                             // [0] => x position of detected object.
                             // [1] => y position of detected object.
                             // [2] => Radius of detected object.

int i;                       // Loop counter.
char charCheckForEscKey;     // Char for checking key press (Esc exits program).

p_capWebcam = cvCaptureFromCAM(0);  // 0 => use lst webcam, may have to change to a different number if you have multiple cameras.

if(p_capWebcam == NULL)             // If capture was not successful . . .
    printf("Error: capture is NULL \n"); // Error message to standard out . . .
    getchar();                           // getchar() to pause for user see message.
    return(-1);                          // Exit program.
// Declare 2 windows.
cvNamedWindow("Original", CV_WINDOW_AUTOSIZE);  // Original image from webcam.
cvNamedWindow("Processed", CV_WINDOW_AUTOSIZE); // The processed image we will use dor detectiing circles.

p_imgProcessed = cvCreateImage(size640x480,     // 640 x 480 pixels (CvSize struct from earlier)
                               IPL_DEPTH_8U,    // 8-bit color depth.
                               1);              // 1 channel (grayscale), if this was a color image, use 3

while(1)                                        // For each frame . . .
    p_imgOriginal = cvQueryFrame(p_capWebcam);  // Get fram from webcam.

    if(p_imgOriginal == NULL)                   // If frame was not captures succesfully . . .
        printf("Error: frame is NULL \n");      // Error message to std out.

    cvInRangeS(p_imgOriginal,                   // function input.
               CV_RGB(175, 0, 0),               // min filtering value (if color is greater thar or equal to this)
               CV_RGB(256, 100, 100),           // max filtering value (if color is less than this)
               p_imgProcessed);                 // function output.

    // Smooth the processed image, this will make it easier for the next function to pick out the circles.
    cvSmooth(p_imgProcessed,                    // Function input.
             p_imgProcessed,                    // Function output.
             CV_GAUSSIAN,                       // Use Gaussian filter (average nearby pixels, with the closest pixels weighted more).
             9,                                 // Smoothing filter window width.
             9);                                // Smoothing filter window height.

    // Fill sequential structure with all circles in processed image.
    p_seqCircles = cvHoughCircles(p_imgProcessed,   // Input image, nothe that this has to be ...
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answered 2013-11-25 13:31:41 -0500

Peter Borkuti gravatar image

updated 2013-11-25 14:10:30 -0500

Hi, (I assume, that you are on Windows)

I should tell you that I had some issues on windows with OpenCV until I compile OpenCV with a similar tutorial like this:

So I suggest you to build OpenCV on windows first, then try the samples, then write your own first simple program.

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Hi, Thank you for the response, and sorry for the late reply. Yes, the webcam works without OpenCV. I can use it on Skype. But, now, the problem is fixed. I run it on Ubuntu now, and from the terminal. It works just fine.

cedric100 gravatar imagecedric100 ( 2014-02-22 11:05:44 -0500 )edit

answered 2013-11-27 15:36:21 -0500

cedric100 gravatar image

updated 2013-11-27 16:07:41 -0500

Thank you for the answers.

I just tried with the simple program you gave me. The same problem occurs: Unhandled exception at 0x01122a3b in Tracker_1.exe: 0xC0000096: Privileged instruction.

They ask me to break or continue.

I can make video calls with my included webcam through Skype if that is the question of if I tried it with other programs.

I am thinking of learning to program on the terminal, so that that problem would be more easily controlled and at list, I would know exactely what is going on.. Do you think it is a good idea? But I still do not give up using Visual C++.

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Asked: 2013-11-25 09:01:26 -0500

Seen: 7,653 times

Last updated: Nov 27 '13