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Image matching using SIFT and BRIEF

asked 2013-10-26 01:00:58 -0500

krammer gravatar image

updated 2013-10-30 08:46:45 -0500

I am trying to match images using SIFT keypoint detector and BRIEF descriptor. The matching is done using Flann LSHIndexParams. I give one image as input, and it is compared against 20 other images. To store the matched image, I use the drawMatches function. It works perfectly for a few of the images, but after a few iterations gives this error:

OpenCV Error: Assertion failed (i1 >= 0 && i1 < static_cast<int>(keypoints1.size ())) in drawMatches, file C:\OpenCV\opencv\modules\features2d\src\draw.cpp, line 207 terminate called after throwing an instance of 'cv::Exception' what(): C:\OpenCV\opencv\modules\features2d\src\draw.cpp:207: error: (-215) i1 >= 0 && i1 < static_cast<int>(keypoints1.size()) in function drawMatches

My code is as follows:

   //Globals

    #define NO_IMAGES 20
    std::vector<KeyPoint> keypoints;
     cv::Mat descriptors;

    // inside main
    Mat imageSource= imread("1.jpg");
    calculateSourceFeatures(imageC);
    for(int i = 1; i <= NO_IMAGES; i++)
    {            
        Mat image1 = imread(pathImage.arg(i).toStdString());
        Mat image;
        resize(image1, image, Size(256,256)/*new dimensions*/,0, 0, INTER_AREA/* interpolation method*/);
        matchFeatures(imageSource, image,i );                        
    }

  // calculate features of input image
  void calculateSourceFeatures(Mat image)
{
cv::Ptr<FeatureDetector> featureDetector = cv::FeatureDetector::create("SIFT");
featureDetector->detect(image, keypoints);
cv::Ptr<DescriptorExtractor> featureExtractor = cv::DescriptorExtractor::create("BRIEF");
featureExtractor->compute(image, keypoints, descriptors);

}

void matchFeatures( Mat image, Mat target, int imageNo)
{
cv::Mat descriptors1;
std::vector<KeyPoint> keypoints1;

cv::Ptr<FeatureDetector> featureDetector = cv::FeatureDetector::create("SIFT");
cv::Ptr<DescriptorExtractor> featureExtractor = cv::DescriptorExtractor::create("BRIEF");
featureDetector->detect(target, keypoints1);
featureExtractor->compute(target, keypoints1, descriptors1);

cv::Ptr<cv::FlannBasedMatcher> matcher = new cv::FlannBasedMatcher(new     cv::flann::LshIndexParams(5, 24, 2));

std::vector< DMatch > matches;
matcher->match( descriptors, descriptors1, matches );

double max_dist = 0; double min_dist = 100;

for( int i = 0; i < descriptors.rows; i++ )
{ double dist = matches[i].distance;
  if( dist < min_dist ) min_dist = dist;
  if( dist > max_dist ) max_dist = dist;
}
std::vector< DMatch > good_matches;

for( int i = 0; i < descriptors.rows; i++ )
{
  if( matches[i].distance <= 2*min_dist )
  {
      good_matches.push_back( matches[i]);
  }
}


Mat img_matches;
// Error comes here after few iterations
drawMatches( image, keypoints, target, keypoints1,
             good_matches, img_matches, Scalar::all(-1), Scalar::all(-1),
             vector<char>(), DrawMatchesFlags::NOT_DRAW_SINGLE_POINTS );


QString filename = "SIFTBRIEF_" + QString::number(imageNo) + ".jpg";
imwrite(filename.toStdString(), img_matches);

}

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answered 2014-01-31 12:05:13 -0500

I have the same problem.

You can try to change the first two parameters with the second two parameters of drawMatches.
Ex.:
    (image, keypoints, target, keypoints1, ...);
to
    (target, keypoints1, image, keypoints, ...);

For me it's fixed my error.

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Asked: 2013-10-26 01:00:58 -0500

Seen: 1,687 times

Last updated: Jan 31 '14