OpenCV dnn - Squeeze & Excitation Module freezing

asked 2019-09-17 02:33:05 -0500

bnbhehe gravatar image

updated 2019-09-18 01:55:39 -0500


Hello I am having the following issue. I am trying to freeze EfficientNet taken from this repo and use the protobuf file for using it with OpenCV dnn module.

The model is a simple classification network. Right after the the Feature Extractor specified in the link, I just try add an extra dense & and an extra classification layer of num_classes.

I have frozen several networks and used them with the dnn library before and I know all the issues that can arise, which I have already tried.

Example code in python:

net = cv2.dnn.readNetFromTensorflow('frozen.pb') 
x_cv = np.random.random((224, 224, 3)).astype(np.uint8)
blob = cv2.dnn.blobFromImage(x_cv, 1.0, (224, 224), (0, 0, 0))
# (1 x num_classes)

However life is not that easy. This is the following error:

error: OpenCV(4.1.1) /io/opencv/modules/dnn/src/layers/eltwise_layer.cpp:116: error: (-215:Assertion failed) inputs[0] == inputs[i] in function 'getMemoryShapes'

Eventually I Found out that the problem is caused when using the Squeeze and excitation module (SE module for short). If I disable the flag & remove those modules from the network, the forward pass works.

In my opinion is the flow of the graph of the SE Module that is not acceptable from OpenCV from going to an average pooling to 1x1 convs and finally multiplying the features.

Some remarks:

I had this issue with SE modules in the past, with the difference that the model was using more basic operations such as:

  • reduce_mean across the features instead of average pooling

  • fully connected layers instead of 1x1 Convolutions, since they result in the same number of features.


  • I used the optimize_for_inference_lib tool with no success.

  • Using the following command: net.getUnconnectedOutLayersNames() gave me the following results:

    ['block1a_se_squeeze/Mean/flatten', 'block2a_se_squeeze/Mean/flatten', 'block2b_se_squeeze/Mean/flatten', 'block3a_se_squeeze/Mean/flatten', 'block3b_se_squeeze/Mean/flatten', 'block4a_se_squeeze/Mean/flatten', 'block4b_se_squeeze/Mean/flatten', 'block4c_se_squeeze/Mean/flatten', 'block5a_se_squeeze/Mean/flatten', 'block5b_se_squeeze/Mean/flatten', 'block5c_se_squeeze/Mean/flatten', 'block6a_se_squeeze/Mean/flatten', 'block6b_se_squeeze/Mean/flatten', 'block6c_se_squeeze/Mean/flatten', 'block6d_se_squeeze/Mean/flatten', 'block7a_se_squeeze/Mean/flatten', 'avg_pool/Mean/flatten', 'dense_1/Softmax']

Follow up

I would like to know if there is a possible way to add the SE Module either by

  • reshaping the network in a compatible manner
  • transforming the graph and using a .pbtxt file additionally
  • register the module as custom & override the getMemoryShapes()

Of course the easiest solution would be preferrable :)


  • Ubuntu 16.04/18.04

  • OpenCV (pip install)

  • Python 3.5

  • Tensorflow 1.13 with keras 2.2.4-tf

Thank you in advance

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please update to last opencv version (issues solved)

LBerger gravatar imageLBerger ( 2019-09-17 03:08:47 -0500 )edit

I updated to which is the latest with pip, and nothing changed.

These issues are usually persistent among versions. I've seen this that even if upgrading from 3.2 to newer versions (which I am currently using) these issues are not resolved.

bnbhehe gravatar imagebnbhehe ( 2019-09-17 03:14:42 -0500 )edit

It's ok. You can post error message using last opencv version so not OpenCV(4.0.1) /io/opencv/modules/dnn/src/layers/eltwise_layer.cpp:116: error: (-215:Assertion failed)

LBerger gravatar imageLBerger ( 2019-09-17 03:18:21 -0500 )edit

I just updated the error message with the latest version.

bnbhehe gravatar imagebnbhehe ( 2019-09-17 03:20:17 -0500 )edit