Facing assertion error

asked 2019-02-12 11:42:21 -0500

updated 2019-02-12 12:30:00 -0500

LBerger gravatar image

here is the error i'm facing OpenCV Error: Assertion failed (scn == 3 || scn == 4) in cvtColor, file /home/pi/opencv-3.3.0/modules/imgproc/src/color.cpp, line 10638 Traceback (most recent call last): File "facedatasets.py", line 23, in <module> gray = cv2.cvtColor(image_frame, cv2.COLOR_BGR2GRAY) cv2.error: /home/pi/opencv-3.3.0/modules/imgproc/src/color.cpp:10638: error: (-215) scn == 3 || scn == 4 in function cvtColor

Here is the code i'm trying to run

# Import OpenCV2 for image processing
import cv2

# Start capturing video 
vid_cam = cv2.VideoCapture(0)

# Detect object in video stream using Haarcascade Frontal Face
face_detector = cv2.CascadeClassifier('haarcascade_frontalface_default.xml')

# For each person, one face id
face_id = 5

# Initialize sample face image
count = 0

# Start looping

    # Capture video frame
    _, image_frame = vid_cam.read()

    # Convert frame to grayscale
    gray = cv2.cvtColor(image_frame, cv2.COLOR_BGR2GRAY)

    # Detect frames of different sizes, list of faces rectangles
    faces = face_detector.detectMultiScale(gray, 1.3, 5)

    # Loops for each faces
    for (x,y,w,h) in faces:

        # Crop the image frame into rectangle
        cv2.rectangle(image_frame, (x,y), (x+w,y+h), (255,0,0), 2)

        # Increment sample face image
        count += 1

        # Save the captured image into the datasets folder
        cv2.imwrite("dataset/User." + str(face_id) + '.' + str(count) + ".jpg", gray[y:y+h,x:x+w])

        # Display the video frame, with bounded rectangle on the person's face
        cv2.imshow('frame', image_frame)

    # To stop taking video, press 'q' for at least 100ms
    if cv2.waitKey(100) & 0xFF == ord('q'):

    # If image taken reach 100, stop taking video
    elif count>100:

# Stop video

# Close all started windows
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oh really, not that again...

@rajesh2331 and it's entirely impossible for you to find out why it happenned ? this is the most often occurring error happenning to copy/paste python noobs, cmon.

berak gravatar imageberak ( 2019-02-12 12:16:34 -0500 )edit

First check return value in ret, image_frame = vid_cam.read() before calling cvtColor.

Then can you check image_frame .channel() may it's already one channel image check if face_detector .empty() : too

LBerger gravatar imageLBerger ( 2019-02-12 12:17:19 -0500 )edit

@rajesh2331. There is nothing wrong with your code. I tested it and it working well. I suggest you to check xml in your currently folder.

supra56 gravatar imagesupra56 ( 2019-02-12 12:50:54 -0500 )edit

check this frontalface_default.xml. You may using wrong xml frontalface_alt.xml

supra56 gravatar imagesupra56 ( 2019-02-12 12:53:11 -0500 )edit

@supra56, please -- no random guesses (not helpful, again)

an empty cascade throws a different exception (please try before posting ...)

also, "works for me" does not mean, it's robust code. your capture works, his doesn't (you compare apples and pears)

berak gravatar imageberak ( 2019-02-12 13:28:59 -0500 )edit

I will do my best. Very sorry for painful.

supra56 gravatar imagesupra56 ( 2019-02-12 13:53:01 -0500 )edit