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Convert cv::Mat to std::vector without copying

asked 2017-05-01 16:36:03 -0500

lovaj gravatar image

I've this function:

void foo(cv::Mat &mat){
  float *p = mat.ptr<float>(0);
  //modify mat values through p

And I have this code that calls the function:

void bar(std::vector<unsigned char> &vec){
  cv::Mat res(m, n, CV_32FC1, (void *)&workspace.front());

However, the code above has a performance problem: vec isn't probably aligned. In fact, the Intel compiler says that reference *out has unaligned access. I hope that this is the reason.

Btw, as I found out, cv::Mat is going to be aligned. So a simple workaround would be to:

  1. Create cv::Mat res(m,n)
  2. Call foo(m);
  3. Assign the vec pointer to m.ptr<float>(0)

As you can imagine, performance here are crucial, so deep-copies are out of questions.

I tried the code in this question:

vec =;

But I get a compiler error. Besides, I don't know if this code above is going to do an (inefficient) copy, or just change the pointed data by vec.

How can I do this smoothly? Otherwise, another workaround would be appreciated.

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answered 2017-05-01 16:49:33 -0500

matman gravatar image

updated 2017-05-01 16:54:45 -0500

Fastest way I know is this:

cv::Mat res(m, n, CV_32FC1);
std::vector<float>vec(res.begin<float>(), res.end<float>());

or if you declare your vec before:

std::vector<float> vec;
cv::Mat res(m, n, CV_32FC1);
vec.assign(res.begin<float>(), res.end<float>());
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But this is going to copy element by element, right? It's not just copying the references, right? In other words: the cost is linear, right?

lovaj gravatar imagelovaj ( 2017-05-02 04:06:20 -0500 )edit

Thats right. I didn't think about it yesterday. So I don't think it is possible to pass a pointer to a std::vector. You have to deal with plain pointer array if you won't copy the data.

matman gravatar imagematman ( 2017-05-02 10:36:35 -0500 )edit

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Asked: 2017-05-01 16:36:03 -0500

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Last updated: May 01 '17