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LibSVM and OpenCV 3.1 [closed]

asked 2017-04-19 04:48:59 -0600

alexMm1 gravatar image

Hi Guys,

someone of you knows how to include LibSVM ( in OpenCV ? I would like to use LibSVM instead of OpenCV SVM that is less powerfull (i.e. no probability is given in multi-class problem).

I have an example with the predict function ( but I don't know how to create the model.

Thanks in advance


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Closed for the following reason the question is answered, right answer was accepted by alexMm1
close date 2017-05-24 10:45:53.202632

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answered 2017-04-20 01:14:25 -0600

berak gravatar image

libsvm's data model differs a bit from opencv's, if you have a feature [X,Y,Z] in opencv, you need one svm_node for X, another for Y, another for Z, and also a final terminating node:

(1,X) (2,Y) (3,Z) (-1,0)

to train it, you have to construct an svm_problem, which holds a 2d x array with the training data, and an 1d y array for the labels. (the blog post you quote, unfortunately goes cheap, and only shows, how to setup the test data)

#include "svm.h"
#include <opencv2/opencv.hpp>
#include <iostream>
using namespace cv;
using namespace std;

#define Malloc(type,n) (type *)malloc((n)*sizeof(type))

class Model {
    static void silent(const char *) {}; // silence libsvm training debug output
    static svm_node *make_node(const Mat &A, int r=0) { // for a single row opencv feature
        const float *dataPtr = A.ptr<float>(r); // Get data from OpenCV Mat
        svm_node *x_space = Malloc(svm_node, A.cols+1); // one more for the terminator
        for (int c=0; c<A.cols; c++) {
            x_space[c].index = c+1;  // Index starts from 1; Pre-computed kernel starts from 0
            x_space[c].value = dataPtr[c];
        x_space[A.cols].index = -1;  // End of sequence
        return x_space;
    svm_model *model;
    svm_problem prob;

    Model(const String &filename) {
        model = svm_load_model(filename.c_str());
        CV_Assert(model != 0);

    Model(const Mat &A, const Mat &L) {
        svm_set_print_string_function(silent); // comment to see the debug output
        svm_parameter param = {0};
        param.svm_type = C_SVC;
        param.kernel_type = LINEAR;
        param.cache_size = 100;
        param.C = 1;
        param.eps = 1e-3;
        param.probability = 1;

        prob.l = A.rows;
        prob.y = Malloc(double, prob.l);
        prob.x = Malloc(svm_node *, prob.l);
        for (int r=0; r<prob.l; r++) {
            prob.x[r] = make_node(A, r);
            prob.y[r] =<int>(r, 0);
        model = svm_train(&prob, &param);

    ~Model() {
        // fixme: if i ever *use* an svm_problem (it's ok with a model loaded from file),
        //   i can't release it after training, but have to keep it around
        //   for the lifetime of the model (s.a. svm.h:69), why ?
        if (prob.l) { // no need to do anything, if model was loaded from file
            for (int r=0; r<prob.l; r++) free(prob.x[r]);

    void probability(const Mat &query, Mat &result) {
        svm_node *x = make_node(query);
        double prob_est[2], prediction = svm_predict_probability(model, x, prob_est);

    double predict(const Mat &query) { // a row sample
        svm_node *x = make_node(query);
        double prediction = svm_predict(model, x);
        return prediction;

    bool save(const String &filename) {
        svm_save_model(filename.c_str(), model);

int main(int argc, char **argv)
{   // demo, opencv like data
    Mat A = Mat::eye(5,5,CV_32F); // five very distinct vectors
    Mat L = (Mat_<int>(5,1) << 1,2,3,4,5); // each one is unique (multiclass)

    Model model(A,L); // from opencv data"5x5.txt");
    //Model model("5x5.txt"); // or load from file (e.g. from svm-train)
    for (int r ...
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answered 2017-04-19 08:46:24 -0600

Just use them next to each other. Use OpenCV to generate your data vector, then feed that one into libSVM for training. The OpenCV HOG trainer is a great example of how to combine it!

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Thanks @StevenPuttemans ... one more question: if I have a cv::Mat structure instead of a file? all my features are in a Mat structure (as asked from the openCV SVM implementation)

alexMm1 gravatar imagealexMm1 ( 2017-04-19 08:54:16 -0600 )edit

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Asked: 2017-04-19 04:48:59 -0600

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Last updated: Apr 20 '17