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Read rendered images using GpuMat and CUDA

asked 2013-05-06 09:57:09 -0500

urbste gravatar image

Hi, I render different poses of a 3D model using OpenGL. Until now I read the renderd images back into a cv::Mat using glReadPixel() which is fast enough for small images.

Now I want to render, read and process(Sobel, Pyramids...) bigger images. Since the rendering takes place on the GPU it seems obvious to use gpu::GpuMat and to tell OpenCV where the rendered textures are on the Gpu Memory. Thus I started reading into CUDA Kernels and that stuff.

Here is my cuda gateway function:

void PostprocessCUDA(GpuMat& nB,  GpuMat& nG, GpuMat& nR, cudaGraphicsResource_t& srcNormal, unsigned int width, unsigned int height)
{
     cutilSafeCall(cudaGraphicsMapResources(1, &srcNormal ));
     cudaArray* srcArrayNormal;
     // Get a device pointer to the OpenGL buffers
     cutilSafeCall( cudaGraphicsSubResourceGetMappedArray( &srcArrayNormal, srcNormal, 0, 0   ) );
     // Map the source texture to a texture reference.
     cutilSafeCall(cudaBindTextureToArray( Tex, srcArrayNormal));
     dim3 blDim(BLOCK_SIZE, BLOCK_SIZE);
     dim3 grDim(divUp(nB.cols, blDim.x), divUp(nB.rows, blDim.y));
     PostprocessKernel<<<grDim, blDim>>>( nB.ptr(), nG.ptr(), nR.ptr(), nB.step, width, height);
     //  PostprocessKernel<<<grDim, blDim>>>( nB.data, nG.data, nR.data, nB.step, width, height);
     //cudaDeviceSynchronize();
     cutilSafeCall(cudaUnbindTexture(Tex));
     cutilSafeCall(cudaGraphicsUnmapResources( 1, &srcNormal));
}

and this is the cuda kernel:

__global__ void PostprocessKernel(uchar* destNblue, uchar* destNgreen, uchar* destNred, 
                              int step, int width, int height)     
{
     unsigned int tx = threadIdx.x;
     unsigned int ty = threadIdx.y;
     unsigned int bw = blockDim.x;
     unsigned int bh = blockDim.y;
     // Non-normalized U, V coordinates of input texture for current thread.
     unsigned int u = ( bw * blockIdx.x ) + tx;
     unsigned int v = ( bh * blockIdx.y ) + ty;


     if ( u > width || v > height ) return;

     uchar* rowsrcNPtr_blue  = (destNblue + v*step);
     uchar* rowsrcNPtr_green = (destNgreen + v*step);
     uchar* rowsrcNPtr_red   = (destNred + v*step);
     uchar4 normalTexValues = tex2D(Tex, u, v);

     rowsrcNPtr_blue[u]  = Clamp<uchar, uchar>(normalTexValues.x, 0, 255);
     rowsrcNPtr_green[u] = Clamp<uchar, uchar>(normalTexValues.y, 0, 255);
     rowsrcNPtr_red[u]   = Clamp<uchar, uchar>(normalTexValues.z, 0, 255);
    }

And then I call the function like this:

cudaGraphicsGLRegisterImage( &g_CUDAGraphicsResource, renderedTexture, GL_TEXTURE_2D, cudaGraphicsRegisterFlagsReadOnly);

PostprocessCUDA(nblue, ngreen, nred,  g_CUDAGraphicsResource,  winWidth, winHeight);

MergeGpuMatrices(nblue, ngreen, nred, mergedN);

nblue, ngreen and nred are allocated once with gpu::createContinuous(Size(winWidth, winHeight), CV_8U); in a constructor call of a class. Now all this works fine BUT when I call this function within a loop the program becomes slower and slower with each cycle. After about 500 render cycles the program eventually crashes with "OpenCV error: Gpu Api Call out of memory". I already tried allocating the 3 gpu matrices locally in each function call which also lead to the same result. The weird thing is, that the GPU memory usage isn't even increasing which I found out with the Nvidia system monitor...

Maybe someone encountered similar effects and has a solution for this? Btw: I'am using a Nvidia GTX680M, on a Laptop with 16GB of Ram, Win7 64bit Software is: VS2010, OpenCV 2.4.3 (preCompiled binaries), OpenGL 4.2 Thanks... urbste

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answered 2013-05-06 13:08:50 -0500

Vladislav Vinogradov gravatar image

updated 2013-05-06 13:09:41 -0500

Do NOT call cudaGraphicsGLRegisterImage in a loop. You should call this function only once.

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Thank you so much! That call was exactly the problem!

urbste gravatar imageurbste ( 2013-05-07 01:38:57 -0500 )edit
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Asked: 2013-05-06 09:57:09 -0500

Seen: 2,822 times

Last updated: May 06 '13