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How to reorder matrix columns according to sortIdx() result?

asked 2013-04-30 05:17:38 -0500

wl2776 gravatar image

Hi all.

I have two matrices of the same size (1 x ncols, vectors actually) and I need

  • one of them sorted in descending order
  • another one reordered according to the first one.

What is the most optimal method to do that?

cv::sortIdx() function gives me correct ordering, but I cannot figure out, how to use it for this task.

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answered 2013-04-30 05:49:38 -0500

Guanta gravatar image

updated 2013-04-30 06:07:01 -0500

Something similar to the following should work:

cv::Mat indices;
cv::sortIdx(matrix1, indices, cv::SORT_EVERY_ROW | cv::SORT_DESCENDING);

// I assume your matrix1 and matrix2 are of same size and of type float
// -> change it to your type
cv::Mat1f matrix1_sorted(1, matrix1.cols);
cv::Mat1f matrix2_sorted(1, matrix1.cols);
for( int i = 0; i < indices.cols; i++) {
  matrix1_sorted(0,i) = matrix1(<int>(0, i));
  matrix2_sorted(0,i) = matrix2(<int>(0, i));
// your matrices are now sorted according to matrix1

Please forgive me any errors, I wrote it from scratch without testing it.

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answered 2014-05-04 10:16:00 -0500

Philippe gravatar image

updated 2014-05-04 12:50:08 -0500

1 year later, but I have come across a solution that works on 2D arrays. so instead of 2 vectors, you can make it a Nx2 array, and sort the 2nd column based on the 1st column - no need for index list. Furthermore, if there are duplicates in the 1st column, you can then sort the duplicates based on the 2nd column - e.g.:

[7,15],[7,10],[1,2],[3,4],[7,2] => [1,2],[3,4],[7,2],[7,10],[7,15]

this can even be extended to Nx3 as done in the example below... most of the code is actually the cout to show the results - the code is a single line of qsort, and then the qsort comparison routine (which is the engine). Made a variation for int by changing the arr definition, and the qsort type - works like a charm...Since I am new to this forum, I am restricted in submitting code.... hope it comes out.

#include <sstream>
#include <string>
#include <iostream>
#include <stdlib.h>

using namespace std;

static int compfloat(const void* p1, const void* p2) {
  float* arr1 = (float*)p1;
  float* arr2 = (float*)p2;
  float diff1 = arr1[0] - arr2[0];
  if (diff1) return diff1;
  return arr1[1] - arr2[1];   //only compares 2nd column if the 1st is the same - can remove

#define arraysize 5   

int main()
{ float arr[arraysize][3] = {{5,10,1},{2,2,1}, {1,5,2}, {5,4,3}, {5,20,4}};  //example data
  for (int i=0; i<arraysize; i++)
  {   for (int j=0;j<3;j++)                            //3=number of columns... change as required
      cout << arr[i][j] << " ";
      cout << endl;
      cout << endl;

  qsort(arr, arraysize, 3*sizeof(float), compfloat);   //3=number of columns... change as required

  for (int i=0; i<arraysize; i++)
  {   for (int j=0;j<3;j++)                            //3=number of columns... change as required
        cout << arr[i][j] << " ";
      cout << endl;
  return 0;
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Asked: 2013-04-30 05:17:38 -0500

Seen: 4,477 times

Last updated: May 04 '14