Ask Your Question
0

Unexpected behavior of minEnclosingCircle

asked 2013-01-30 04:50:03 -0500

Muffo gravatar image

I have recently used the function minEnclosingCircle of OpenCV (2.4.2) because I needed to measure the diameters of a blob of points.

After a while I realized that the results were not correct, so I decided to write a small routine that calculates the diameters of a really small set of points.

I tested the function against:

  • 1 single point
  • 2 - 4 points in a row
  • Squares of different size formed by only 4 corner points

In the table below you can see the results of my tests:

Note         Diameter           Center                                         Points
1x1             2.000       (1.0, 1.0)                                       [[1, 1]]
2x1             2.000       (1.0, 1.5)                               [[1, 1], [1, 2]]
3x1             2.060       (1.0, 2.0)                       [[1, 1], [1, 2], [1, 3]]
4x1             3.090       (1.0, 2.5)               [[1, 1], [1, 2], [1, 3], [1, 4]]
2x2             2.000       (1.5, 1.5)               [[1, 1], [1, 2], [2, 1], [2, 2]]
3x3             2.913       (2.0, 2.0)               [[1, 1], [1, 3], [3, 1], [3, 3]]
4x4             4.370       (2.5, 2.5)               [[1, 1], [1, 4], [4, 1], [4, 4]]
6x6             7.283       (3.5, 3.5)               [[1, 1], [1, 6], [6, 1], [6, 6]]
8x8            10.196       (4.5, 4.5)               [[1, 1], [1, 8], [8, 1], [8, 8]]
9x9            11.653       (5.0, 5.0)               [[1, 1], [1, 9], [9, 1], [9, 9]]
16x16          21.850       (8.5, 8.5)           [[1, 1], [1, 16], [16, 1], [16, 16]]
10x10          13.110       (5.5, 5.5)           [[1, 1], [1, 10], [10, 1], [10, 10]]
100x100       144.207     (50.5, 50.5)       [[1, 1], [1, 100], [100, 1], [100, 100]]
1000x1000    1455.183   (500.5, 500.5)   [[1, 1], [1, 1000], [1000, 1], [1000, 1000]]

I have already seen that the function does not return a radius smaller than 1, so the minimum diameter I get is 2.0.

Apart from that, the function is always returning a radius bigger than I would expect. For instance the 10x10 square would have a radius of about 12.726 instead of 13.110. The error increases with the size of the square: for a square of 1000x1000 I would expect 1412.5 instead of 1455.

Actually, I realized that the relative error is always about 3%.

How can I explain this strange behavior?

edit retag flag offensive close merge delete

1 answer

Sort by ยป oldest newest most voted
0

answered 2013-02-11 09:18:38 -0500

Muffo gravatar image

I tried to solve the same problem using another library called Miniball.

The results obtained with Miniball are correct. At this point I guess that the algorithm used in minEnclosingCircle contains some error.

edit flag offensive delete link more
Login/Signup to Answer

Question Tools

1 follower

Stats

Asked: 2013-01-30 04:50:03 -0500

Seen: 333 times

Last updated: Feb 11 '13