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OpenCv calculate or convert the speed of a moving Object

asked 2017-03-18 06:55:51 -0500

bincos gravatar image

I would like to get the real speed of a moving object from my camera or webCam

I used OpenCv **BackgroundSubtractorMOG2** then it return me the Foreground image( the moving object) then I draw two line for eg:

    line( resize_blur_Img, Point(10,0),Point(10,60), Scalar( 255, 0, 10 ),2, 8 );
 line( resize_blur_Img, Point(100,60),Point(100,0), Scalar( 0, 0, 0 ),2, 8 );

as you can see I can find the distance between the two line by a simple way can be ==> 90

and every time we the Object cross my line i save the time in this way

 time_t now = time(0);
  dt = ctime(&now);

dt will return the current time is second for eg dt return to me 1489755120 wich is the result from timeCrossedForLine 2 - timeCrossedForLine2

the when I use a simple formula to get the speed -->> Speed= Distance/Time

Applying to my situation I will get Speed=(90/1489755120)= 6.041261

-->> My Question is this 6.041261 will be in Km/h ?? or in m/s or other else

if i did not well calculate the speed could you please show the the other way???

Please I need you guy!!!!!

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answered 2017-03-18 07:16:04 -0500

berak gravatar image

ctime returns a string not a double, so your measurement is bs.

then, time() returns time in seconds, imho, you need a much finer grained measurement here

also, (90/1489755120)= 6.041261e-8 (so, next to nothing) and this would be pixels per second, not very useful..

do the following:

measure out, how much distance in the real world is covered between your 2 lines in the image

then:

// measure at 1st line crossed
int64 t0 = cv::getTickCount();

// measure at 2nd line crossed
int64 t1 = cv::getTickCount();
double seconds = (t1 - t0) / cv::getTickCount();

double speed = real_distance / speed; // in meters per second.
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Hi @berak thank your for your quick response i would like to know if there is a relationship or a convertion between Pixel and Millimeter or Meter I need Your Answer try to look here https://www.translatorscafe.com/unit-converter/EN/typography/4-8/%D0%BC%D0%B8%D0%BB%D0%BB%D0%B8%D0%BC%D0%B5%D1%82%D1%80-%D0%BF%D0%B8%D0%BA%D1%81%D0%B5%D0%BB%D1%8C%20(X)/ (PixelToMm)

bincos gravatar imagebincos ( 2017-03-18 07:35:56 -0500 )edit

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pinhole...

(you would need to calibrate your camera for this, to get f)

berak gravatar imageberak ( 2017-03-18 07:47:21 -0500 )edit

Thank @berak try to look on this link what this guy made on this Article

http://www.jatit.org/volumes/Vol84No2/9Vol84No2.pdf (VehicleSpeedMesurement) I do not understand on page 4 : where hi specified how to calculate the Speed of the vehicle:

speed=[ ( distanaceInPixel * OriginalTrack) / (Time * TrackImage) ] * Kfactor

I do not understand the two parameters -->1 OriginaTrack (Original track = actual path length (meters)) -->2 TrackImage (Track image = path length in the image (pixels) ) ???

how To find those Two parameters Please Show me the way?? Do you have any idea of understanding those para meter??

bincos gravatar imagebincos ( 2017-03-18 08:25:42 -0500 )edit
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LBerger gravatar imageLBerger ( 2017-03-18 09:05:44 -0500 )edit

Hi @LBerger Thanks for your reply but I'm so confused and i do note see how to apply your answer in my situation case

bincos gravatar imagebincos ( 2017-03-18 09:25:35 -0500 )edit

@ Berak did you Open this link (http://www.jatit.org/volumes/Vol84No2/9Vol84No2.pdf (http://www.jatit.org/volumes/Vol84No2...) ) and try to see if you could understand my problem?

bincos gravatar imagebincos ( 2017-03-22 04:35:01 -0500 )edit
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Asked: 2017-03-18 06:55:51 -0500

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Last updated: Mar 18