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error: (-215) scn == 3 || scn == 4 in function cv::cvtColor

asked 2016-10-22 00:15:51 -0500

ALOMGEER gravatar image

updated 2016-10-22 01:08:01 -0500

berak gravatar image

using:

gray = cv2.cvtColor(img, cv2.COLOR_BGR2GRAY)

i get:

error: ..\..\..\..\opencv\modules\imgproc\src\color.cpp:3739: error: (-215) scn == 3 || scn == 4 in function cv::cvtColor

here's the whole code:

import cv2
import numpy as np

face_cascade = cv2.CascadeClassifier('haarcascade_frontalface_default.xml')
eye_cascade = cv2.CascadeClassifier('haarcascade_eye.xml')

cap = cv2.VideoCapture(1)

while True:
    ret, img = cap.read()
    gray = cv2.cvtColor(img, cv2.COLOR_BGR2GRAY)
    faces = face_cascade.detectMultiScale(gray, 1.3, 5)
    for (x, y, w, h) in faces:
        cv2.rectange(img, (x, y), (x+w, y+h), (255, 0, 0), 2)
        roi_gray = gray[y:y+h, x:x+w]
        roi_color = img[y:y+h, x:x+w]
        eyes = eye_cascade.detectMultiScale(roi_gray)
        for (ex, ey, ew, eh) in eyes:
            cv2.rectangle(roi_color, (ex, ey), (ex+ew, ey+eh), (0, 255, 0), 2)
    cv2.imshow('img', img)
    k = cv2.waitKey(30) & 0xFF
    if k == 27:
        break
cap.release()
cv2.destroyALLWindows()
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3 answers

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answered 2017-09-13 12:15:39 -0500

I had the same issue and I solved this error by changing the address of the camera from

cap = cv2.VideoCapture(1)

to : cap = cv2.VideoCapture(0)

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Comments

yea, but probably only because you never checked, if the capture could actually open.

berak gravatar imageberak ( 2017-09-13 12:26:05 -0500 )edit
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answered 2016-10-22 01:14:19 -0500

berak gravatar image

updated 2016-10-22 01:25:58 -0500

your img is most likely invalid.

some things to check:

  1. did the capture open ? is 1 the correct id ? (i doubt so, rather try 0). please check:

    cap.isOpened() #should return True

  2. did you get a valid frame from your capture ? please check if ret==True

    (older webcams might need some "warmup", and you might need to continue, until you receive a valid image)

in general, please make it a habit , to always check, if resources got read/loaded, like from imread(), and also you need to check, if the cascade xml files get ead properly with cascade.empty()

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Comments

as berak said you need to add a delay before enter the while loop import numpy as np import cv2 import time

cap = cv2.VideoCapture(0) print(cap.isOpened())

time.sleep(5) while(True): # Capture frame-by-frame ret, frame = cap.read() print(ret)

# Our operations on the frame come here
gray = cv2.cvtColor(frame, cv2.COLOR_BGR2GRAY)

# Display the resulting frame
cv2.imshow('frame',gray)
if cv2.waitKey(1) & 0xFF == ord('q'):
    break

When everything done, release the capture

cap.release() cv2.destroyAllWindows()

VonFausto gravatar imageVonFausto ( 2017-07-21 17:14:15 -0500 )edit

^^ no , i never said that

also, sleeping will give you a problem, as input images get stuck in the internal queue. (latency)

berak gravatar imageberak ( 2017-07-21 17:58:12 -0500 )edit
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answered 2016-10-30 02:05:55 -0500

xiaoerlaigeid gravatar image
face_cascade = cv2.CascadeClassifier('haarcascade_frontalface_default.xml')
eye_cascade = cv2.CascadeClassifier('haarcascade_eye.xml')

these two is wrong. you should add the path .

 face_cascade =   
 cv2.CascadeClassifier(r'D:\OpenCV\opencv\sources\data\haarcascades\haarcascade_frontalface_default.xml')
 eye_cascade = cv2.CascadeClassifier(r'D:\OpenCV\opencv\sources\data\haarcascades\haarcascade_eye.xml')
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Asked: 2016-10-22 00:15:51 -0500

Seen: 4,873 times

Last updated: Sep 13